A shareholder of a closely-held hedge fund was not receiving the appropriate level of compensation per agreement with the controlling interest shareholder. As a result of this dispute, the minority interest shareholder was removed from employment and an offer was made by the investment firm to buy back the ownership interest. The hedge fund hired a well known accounting firm to perform a study which was represented to the minority shareholder as a valuation in compliance with the shareholders’ agreement signed by both parties. We were asked to review the quality of the analysis without access to management information and provide guidance to counsel on potential options for the minority shareholder.
Financial professionals performing appraisal services are bound by the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (“USPAP”). Our review of the study revealed numerous errors, omissions and oversights that violated the standards of USPAP. Moreover, our in-depth experience with private investment advisory firms allowed us to assess the market multiples selected by the accounting firm to value the hedge fund. When we compared the multiples in the study to our proprietary database of closely-held hedge fund transactions, we found misapplication of valuation techniques. As a result of our review, counsel adopted the legal position that a “freeze-out” of the minority interest shareholder had occurred.
Financial Sponsor: Hedge Fund Services
A leading commercial agribusiness client in Argentina was interested in selling their company, which was focused on cultivating and producing olive oil, table olives and wines.
An industrial property consisting of various manufacturing machinery & equipment was a candidate for an ad valorem tax reduction.
A client who designs, engineers, and manufactures value-added products and systems for automotive and light-vehicle manufacturers acquired an automotive components manufacturer.
Brands: Food & Beverage
A leading manufacturer of branded food products engaged VRC to estimate the fair value of certain intangible assets acquired in a business combination.
We were retained by an energy production company whose subsidiary acquired distressed energy assets from an energy & production company. In selecting a valuation methodology, we needed to consider the significant divergence in the enterprise value of the business versus the un-discounted value of the assets given the dramatic drop in commodity prices at the time.
A brand valuation that estimated the fair value of intangible assets acquired in a business combination was needed by a personal care product company for the sale of its branded and private label products.
A leading international producer of nitrogen products acquires a nitrogen manufacturing company requiring a valuation for allocation of purchase price according to ASC 805.
Oil & Gas
VRC provided a required valuation of tangible and intangible assets for a Master Limited Partnership (MLP) client in support of a purchase price allocation. There were no detailed fixed asset records; VRC needed to overcome significant data limitations.
In order to comply with Accounting Standards Codification 815 (ASC 815), an early stage pharmaceutical company asked VRC to analyze the entire convertible callable note and determine the fair market value of each of the embedded derivatives.
A private equity sponsored cloud based provider of manager content, enterprise lending services granted certain management incentive units to participating executives, as compensation to incentivize management performance.
A PE-sponsored cloud based provider granted equity compensation incentives to executives. To comply with financial reporting requirements of Accounting Standards Codification 718 (ASC 718), the provider engaged VRC to determine the fair value of the issued units.
A large multinational consumer products company acquired a South American company operating in the same space. VRC was engaged to estimate the value of the PP&E and intangible assets for financial reporting purposes.
Financial Sponsor: Private Equity
A technology company was purchased by large private equity investor. With the purchase price set, the new entity was capitalized with debt and three different types of equity securities.
Property taxes were levied on only real property portion of a hospital, key to analysis was separating the value of the business ops from that of real property.
Financial Sponsor: Hedge Fund
A hedge fund client held convertible note in a company that restructured outstanding debt. As part of restructure, the note was exchanged for two separate Term Loans.
We were retained by a leading provider of wireless messaging and information services to provide various valuation services for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code.
VRC was asked by the attorneys representing the seller to provide multiple common stock valuations on a retrospective basis that would withstand a Big 4 audit review under tight deal closing deadlines.